16th Venice Biennale of Architecture, 2018
16th Architecture Biennial 2018 Venice, Italy.
With the exhibition "Stigma", the Pabellón de Guatemala presents an architecture characterized by virtuality and utopia.
Guatemala, along with six other new States of Antigua & Barbuda, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Mongolia, Pakistan and the Holy See, participates for the first time in the 16th International Architecture Exhibition - La Biennale di Venezia. The place where the Pavilion is made is the Palazzo Albrizzi Capello in Cannaregio. The theme of the exhibition "Stigma", prepared by the two commissioners Stefania Pieralice and Daniele Radini Tedeschi in agreement with the Commissioner of the Pavilion and the Minister of Culture José Luis Chea Urruela, focuses on a virtual and utopian architecture.
The Tower of Babel was a metaphor for the crisis of tongues - in fact, in the biblical text the human race, because of its arrogance to touch the sky through a very high level of construction, was punished with an infinity of languages, dialects and idiomatic expressions. People had to stop construction because they could not understand their languages. In the same way that, with the postmodern crisis of great stories, this also manifested itself.
The pavilion has proven to provide an answer to this crisis through utopian and ephemeral projects, such as the models of Adriana Padilla Meyer, Regina Dávila, Studio Domus and Marco Manzo. Elsie Wunderlich has created curious monuments, similar to "Spomenik", timeless, set in a neutral landscape to commemorate the end of life for a future rebirth.
A model of the tower, with a more 'European' structure, was made by the UR Project (Ana Alemán, Víctor Cohen, Axel Paredes, Guillermo Pemueller) in which the division generated by the multiplicity of languages and races is resolved in a model with a meaning of unification in which each town has the same ideological importance.
The ephemeral, however, is also linked today to virtual architecture, a new language made of Internet connections and well represented by the UR Project (Carlo Caldara and Federica Kluzer) who exhibit in large planispheres drawn on the dibond panel, which describe a hallucinated and alienating topography of the landscape of social networks. Therefore, one can imagine a space in "movement"; or compressed in its virtual dimension.
If the general Freespace theme is a "space of opportunity", a capacity to link "the archaic and the contemporary", Guatemala studies this space proposing a kind of "Virtual City" understood as an articulation of urban systems according to new modalities of collective intelligence under a new language.